Maphite confraternity history

The group was founded in and registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission of Nigeria as a social charity. Obi Ijere, a high-ranking leader of the Supreme Vikings Confraternity, a leading group in the s conflict in the Niger Deltastated in an interview that the confraternity and De Norsemen Kclub of Nigeria were in fact not the same group [2] However, in an official statement in August the National President of the organisation, Bond Ohuche, dismissed as "fallacious Membership of De Norsemen Kclub of Nigeria is open to all Nigerian graduates without regards to religious, ethnic or social backgrounds.

These are set by the De Norsemen Supreme Council, and decided by the Governor on individual applications. De Norsemen Klub initiates every two years, and all applicants must be sponsored by a fraternal brother who has been a member for at least three years. For admission to the De Norsemen Kclub of Nigeria, applicants must have a baccalaureate degree with a grade point average of at least 3.

Applicants also undergo a background check no criminal record and series of interviews before admission, must have university degree or O. D or equivalent. Members and intending members must that they do not have a criminal record and good and credible means of livelihood [2]. The structure of De Norsemen Kclub of Nigeria is a hierarchical brotherhood, themed as a ship with a crew of brothers and sailors.

Is there a group or symbol that should be represented here that you feel is missing? We also welcome any comments regarding the site itself, be it the categories notoriously difficult. Click here to contact us. Relationship with Supreme Vikings Confraternity Obi Ijere, a high-ranking leader of the Supreme Vikings Confraternity, a leading group in the s conflict in the Niger Deltastated in an interview that the confraternity and De Norsemen Kclub of Nigeria were in fact not the same group [2] However, in an official statement in August the National President of the organisation, Bond Ohuche, dismissed as "fallacious Members and intending members must that they do not have a criminal record and good and credible means of livelihood [2] The structure of De Norsemen Kclub of Nigeria is a hierarchical brotherhood, themed as a ship with a crew of brothers and sailors.

Archived from the original on Retrieved Rotimi, Adewale. COM - Established Confraternities in Nigeria are secret-society like student groups within higher education that have recently been involved in illegal and violent activities.

The exact death toll of confraternity activities is unclear. One estimate in was that people had been killed in campus cult-related murders in the previous decade, [1] while the Exam Ethics Project lobby group estimated that students and teachers had been killed between and Soyinka would later note that the Pyrates wanted to differentiate themselves from "stodgy establishment and its pretentious products in a new educational institution different from a culture of hypocritical and affluent middleclass, different from alienated colonial aristocrats".

When fellow students protested a proposal to build a railroad across the road leading to the university, fearing that easier transportation would make the university less exclusive, the Pyrates successfully ridiculed the argument as elitist.

Roughly analogous to the fraternities and sororities of North Americathe Pyrates Confraternity proved popular among students, even after the original members moved on. Membership was open to any promising male student, regardless of tribe or race, but selection was stringent and most applicants were denied. For almost 20 years, the Pyrates were the only confraternity on Nigerian campuses. In the late s, campuses were roiled by the Nigerian Civil War.

Details are contested, but it appears that in Bolaji Carew and several others were expelled from the Pyrates for failing to meet expected standards. In reaction to this and other events, the Pyrates registered themselves under the name National Association of Seadogs NAS and, at least one source states, pulled the confraternity out of the universities.

Carew went on to found the Buccaneers Confraternity also called the National Associations of Sea Lordslargely copying the Seadogs' structure, symbols and ceremonies. A major impetus for the creation of new confraternities was the fact that members of the new groups simply did not meet the high academic and intellectual standards set by the Seadogs, and thus considered the original organization to be elitist. The Supreme Eiye Confraternity later metamorphosed into National Association of Airlords NAA in was formed in the University of Ibadan, making it the second oldest confraternity after the pyrate confraternity.

In the s confraternities spread throughout the over institutions of higher education in the country. This time period saw a drastic change in the role of the confraternities. The coup of Ibrahim Babangida in caused a large degree of political tension.

Military leaders, beginning in the s, began to see the confraternities as a check on the student unions and university staff, who were the only organized groups opposing military rule. The confraternities were thus provided payment and weapons to use against student activists, though the weapons were often used in deadly inter-confraternity rivalries. Sociologist Emeka Akudi noted that some university vice-chancellors protected confraternities which were known to be violent and used them to attack students deemed troublesome.

In the early s, confraternity activities expanded dramatically in the Niger Delta as confraternities engaged in a bloody struggle for supremacy. Shortly after their arrival, several students were expelled from Abia State University for cheating and "cultism", a reference to the voodoo-practicing confraternities, which marked the beginning of a shift of confraternity activities from the university to off campus.

The consolidation of confraternity activities outside Nigerian University campuses was boosted by the nationwide renouncement of cultism by university students and the breakdown of traditional campus cults all over the country as a result of amnesty granted to all renounced cultists at the onset of the present democratic government.

This led to migration of cultists from the campuses to residential neighbourhoods and streets as campuses were no more safe haven for them. Incompetence of government officials and inadequate facilities to police campuses by University Authorities led to the resurgence of cultism in the campuses as renounced cultists who could not be protected by the Law, went back to their cult groups to seek protection from rival groups who had discerned their identity as a result of the renouncement ceremony.

This resulted in a situation where cult groups were now well established in- and outside the campuses. The Klansmen Konfraternity expanded its influence by creating a "street and creek" wing, Deebam, to fight for and control territory outside of the universities through violence and crime.

The Outlaws, another well-known street and creek confraternity, began as a splinter group of the Icelanders German. In the late s, all-female confraternities began to be formed. Female confraternities have supplied spies for allied male confraternities as well as acting as prostitution syndicates.

OAU had been considered one of the safest universities in the country, largely due to student-organized resistance to the confraternities. After one cult member was shot and killed during an attempted kidnapping inthe confraternities appeared to stay away from the university. In Februarystudent leaders organized a campus-wide search, which found eight secret cult members who were stockpiling machine guns and other weapons in their dorm room. This enraged the Black Axe confraternity, who organized a murder squad that hacked the student union secretary-general to death in his bed and targeted other student leaders.May Posted by SaferNigeria.

According to local sources, two of the victims were killed in Ekosodin, a village near the University of Beninwhich had been the theatre of recurrent clashes between the groups. Responding to the development, the State Police Commissioner, David Omajola, in a briefing to journalists, confirmed four people dead. He said the Command had already arrested seven suspected cultists and that more would be arrested.

He said the command had uncovered plans by some individuals to cause disaffection and insecurity in the state under the guise of cultism. I have directed a clampdown on cultists in this state and there is no going back. This is the fifth major incident of cult violence in Edo State over the last 15 months. In Januarycult clashes in Benin City reportedly claimed ten lives.

The police commissioner confirmed five deaths at the time and said his men had arrested 40 suspects. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Sign me up! Create a free website or blog at WordPress. Share this: Facebook Twitter Email Print. Like this: Like Loading Email Subscription Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Join other followers Sign me up! Post to Cancel.

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To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Cookie Policy.According to Coventry Cathedral, a Church of England's place of worship that has existed for over 1, years ibid. Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. However, sources indicate that, according to the NBM, they are not the Black Axe confraternity nor are they a secret cult Vanguard 11 Jan. According to the NBM's website, the group was created during the academic year by nine University of Benin undergraduates who were concerned about the "plight of the Black Man" NBM n.

maphite confraternity history

The NBM website further states that within "a decade of its existence the Movement was operational in most major tertiary institutions in Nigeria," but later withdrew its operations from university campuses in due to the "wave of violence" at Nigerian universities that started in the late s ibid.

Coventry Cathedral indicates that NBM is not a confraternity and excludes students and fraternity members from its organization Feb. According to the NBM website, their objectives include: "the redirection of all minds towards Black Realism and Determinism" and teaching people discipline of the body and mind, preventing negative images of Black people, conducting research on traditional African religions, and publishing a regular magazine called Uhuru NBM n.


According to the website: "the Axeman a member of the Neo Black Movement is always expected to talk with Reason, act with Courage and behave with Grace; this has served as our code of conduct" ibid.

According to Vanguarda Lagos-based newspaper, the Edo state Police Public Relations Officer indicated that generally, cult activities are secretive 24 Jan. Information on rituals, oaths of secrecy, and use of symbols or particular signs of the Black Axe confraternity could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response.

On 22 Septemberthe Nigerian Ministry of Education indicated that there has been an upsurge of cult-related violence in tertiary institutions across Nigeria Nigeria 22 Sept. The Daily Trustan Abuja-based newspaper, reports that a clash between the Black Axe confraternity and the Vikings confraternity left a student cult member of the University of Abuja injured in 7 May Vanguard also indicates that in a University of Abuja Black Axe member was arrested for attempted kidnapping of two ministers for ransom 18 Sept.

Leadershipan Abuja-based newspaper, states that cult activities, including Black Axe confraternity's activities, have reached an "alarming" level in Delta state, and are "surprisingly uninterrupted in the various higher institutions in the state" 27 Oct.


Leadership also indicates that rival cults clashed almost daily in January and Februaryand reports on the death of six people 21 Feb. On 11 AugustVanguard reported that a clash between the Black Axe confraternity and the Mafite cult resulted in the death of two Delta State University students, with unconfirmed sources indicating that five people were killed. In Benin City, Edo State, media sources reported on cult wars between the Black Axe confraternity and the Eiye [also called Eye and Aiye] confraternity which include the following accounts of violence:.

Media sources have also reported on cult wars involving the Black Axe confraternity and other cults, including:. In Marchthe son of the Chairman of Ovia South West local government council was abducted by people suspected of being cult members The Nation 16 Mar.

The child was released in exchange for ransom The Nation 16 Mar. Media sources indicate that in July13 students at the Ekiti State University were wounded during a clash between the Black Axe confraternity and the Aiye confraternity Leadership 7 July ; Daily Trust 7 July Media sources report that the principal of Holy Ghost College, Owerri survived an attempted assassination in August by suspected Black Axe members Vanguard 27 Aug.

Vanguard reports on cult wars between the Black Axe and the Eiye confraternities in which "many people" have been killed and "several" have been wounded in March in Ijanikin, including the death of a 26 year-old who was not a member of any cult group Vanguard 19 Mar.There seems to be no end in sight to the killing spree in Edo State; arising from the three weeks old clash between rival cult groups which has claimed no fewer than 43 lives in the state.

Reports had it that trouble had started for the cultists clashed at a polling centre during the April 11, Assembly election in Benin City. A member of Maphite confraternity was said to have been beaten to death in the ensuing fracas.

It was also gathered that the fracas afterwards spread to town as members of the Maphite had vowed to avenge the "assault on their member". The clash however took a worrisome dimension last Saturday after members of the Black Axe allegedly killed a member of Eiye confraternity over "unresolved disagreement".

maphite confraternity history

The violent clash between the groups Eiye and Black Axe last December and early January had claimed over 25 lives. A source who hinted our correspondent on the development said: "I think those black axe struck at this time in other to attribute the killing to Maphite. Therefore, you cannot also rule out possible retaliation," he added.

At last count Wednesday night, no fewer than 43 persons have been reportedly killed in Benin City, the State capital alone. It's feared that the skirmishes, if not nipped in the bud by security operatives could spread to tertiary institutions and other towns in the State. According to reports, two women are among the dead so far. The mothers were said to have been shot by gunmen suspected to be cultists around third east circular road and New Benin area in the metropolis. One of the women was reportedly shot after he claimed not to know the whereabouts of his year-old son when the gunmen came looking for him in her store.

As at the time of filling this report, the State police command were yet to make official statement on the killings. On his part, the command's spokesman, DSP, Stephen Onwuchei said he was yet to be furnished with the development. Read the original article on Independent Lagos. AllAfrica publishes around reports a day from more than news organizations and over other institutions and individualsrepresenting a diversity of positions on every topic.

maphite confraternity history

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Our mission is to preach the Good News of Jesus Christ by promoting devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary, especially through her Rosary, to help the faithful grow in their love of the Lord, the Blessed Mother, the Rosary and the Church.It resulted in the deaths of five people and left eleven others injured, all of whom were students of OAU.

It was perpetrated by an organized death squad of 40 members of the Black Axe Confraternity branch at the university.

supreme maphite confraternity

They invaded the Awolowo Hall of the university at around A. An account of what led to the massacre is given by Prof. Makanjuola, following the massacre, became vice chancellor of the university and took an active role in both investigating and punishing those from the university involved in the murders.

Makanjuola writes about an initial incident and its aftermath that occurred in the weeks before the murders: "On Saturday, 7 Marcha group of Black Axe members held a meeting in Ife town.

After the meeting, they drove back to the campus. On the main road, Road 1, leading into the campus, they were overtaken by some students in another car. For whatever reason, they were enraged and gave chase to the students. The students, seeing them in pursuit, raced hastily to the car park outside Angola Hall and ran into the adjacent Awolowo Hall for safety.

Led by George Iwilade, the Secretary-General, a group of them drove to the house, officially occupied by Mr. They found nine individuals inside, eight of them students of the University, with a submachine gun, a locally manufactured gun, an axe, a bayonet and the black clothing and regalia of the Black Axe cult. The University authorities were informed, and the members of the secret cult were handed over to the Police.

Makanjuola documents and raises concerns over the way the matter was handled by both the police and court system who broke from protocol, common sense and destroyed evidence and how this led to the failure to be able to prosecute the Black Axe members involved in the incident. Roger Makanjuola writes: "The case was heard on 31 March, and to the utmost amazement of everyone, the Chief Magistrate discharged and acquitted the arrested individuals.

The students who had apprehended the cult members were not called as witnesses.

Obafemi Awolowo University massacre

To date, there is no complainant in the case. Since all the accused persons denied the allegations against them and there is no complainant, there is no way the allegations can be proved.

The trial was concluded in two court appearances in eight days. The Chief Magistrate also ordered that the submachine gun be sent to the police armourer and the other exhibits be destroyed, thus eliminating all the evidence, and making it impossible to re-open the case.

The Judicial Enquiry recommended that the Magistrate be reported to the Judicial Commission for appropriate disciplinary action. Nothing came of this, as nothing came of all the other recommendations of that Panel. Roger Makanjuola recalls following the failed prosecution the Black Axe cultists returned to the university to study.

Much to the dismay and concern of fellow students.

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